Mainframes Archive

Difference Between LINK/XCTL and COBOL Calls

Difference Between LINK XCTL and COBOL Calls(Static & Dynamic) 1. LINK –> Every time a subprogram is invoked an initialized version of working storage is provided. Dynamic& Static –> Not every time a separate copy of working storage is provided. It is provided only for the first time invocation of sub-program and for the subsequent

COBOL RANDOM Function Examples

COBOL RANDOM Function generates the random fractional values ranging from 0 to 1. It generates values like For example if we declared the variable as below 01 WW-RANDOM-NUMBERS PIC 99.999 VALUE ZEROES. PERFORM VARYING WW-SUB1 FROM 1 BY 1 UNTIL WW-SUB1 > 9 COMPUTE WW-RANDOM-NUMBERS = FUNCTION RANDOM DISPLAY ‘–>’WW-RANDOM-NUMBERS END-PERFORM Result: –>00.443 –>00.060


INSPECT verb in COBOL is very useful and it is used to do the following functionalities  Count a particular Character in a string  Convert Lower case to upper case  Replace a particular Character with other character in a string  Replace a set of characters with another set of characters Below are the different examples on

Useful list of TSO/ISPF Commands

1) To view the structure (details like starting position, end position, length and type of fields) of a copybook – This can be viewed from FILEAID option 8. 2) To Copy a member from one PDS to Another: Open the first PDS using 3.4, and type C before the member and ENTER it will ask

COBOL Line numbers – Quick Ref-1

How to remove the line numbers in 1 to 6 columns in TSO/ISPF i) First set the Bands – type BNDS on line-number of the editor panel Generally the default bands are set from 1 to 72 columns as shown below and this can be changed as per our requirement. This can also be used

Modifying a MAP using SDF II in CICS

CICS MAP – adding a new field Step by step Procedure using SDF II: [crayon-5b7b76c82d258297811091/] Step 1: Import the MAP from the production or any other region: From Utilities, Enter into Migrate functionality which is used to import Objects from other region into test region. It is very iseful for the MAP modifications as the

SQLDA Usage_Dynamic SQL

SQLDA USE in Dynamic SQL: Db2 uses the SQL Descriptor Area(SQLDA) to communicate the dynamic SQL information to the application program. It contains the various information like type of SQL, length, pointer to the actual data & number of columns etc. which are very useful for better coding. To get this information into SQLDA after

How to check whether a sequential file (PS) or VSAM file is empty or not?

Sometimes we may face a requirement to check the file is empty or not, if it is empty stop the process other wise proceed with further steps using JCL. Here are some of the commonly used methods to check whether a Physical Sequential (PS) or VSAM File is empty or not. 1. By Using IDCAMS

COBOL DB2 Multi Row Fetch

Multi row Fetch Overview in COBOl Db2 program WITH EXAMPLE: Cobol Db2 multi row fetch concept will be used to retrieve multiple rows with a single fetch statement as opposed with a normal cursor which fetches only single record at a time. The multi-row fetch capability was introduced to DB2 z/OS in Version 8. This

COBOL Index & Subscript

Index & Subscript – performance considerations Both are used to reference an array or table element in COBOL programs. By knowing the basic differences between the two, one can code the programs efficiently in performance point of view. 1. Index –> Represents the displacement of a table entry from its begining which is being set